Home > Current Issue (Fall 2001) > IPS Index, First Edition
 Introduction & Short List | Master Worksheet | Worksheet 2 | Worksheet 3

Indian Princely States (IPS) Index, First Edition
- Ron Rice, William F. Spengler, David Heppell

Introduction

"How many princely states existed?" This is by far the most common question received here at the offices of PSR. The question seems simple enough. Our response varies according to mood but always boils down to, "We don't know." There is no definitive volume, no one source that lists them all. The problem is compounded by the fact that historic references list "states" and other native administrations together, with no clear system or taxonomy. When is a state not a state, but rather an estate, thikana, jagir, or something else? By scholarly estimations, the number of princely states falls somewhere between 500 and 600. This may come as quite a surprise to collectors of Indian "feudatory" states postage stamps—the major catalogues list only about 40 states.

The IPS Index is the first attempt to address this question in a systematic manner, based upon the analysis of noteworthy contemporary and modern sources. The objective is to organize data in such a way that source materials can be cross referenced. Each source introduces one or more criteria that may be used to identify states and distinguish them from non-states. In theory, as more sources are added to the index, the identity of the "true" states should become more clear.

The First Edition IPS index is derived from eight sources. Seven of the eight are consolidated into Worksheet 2—the philatelic and numismatic catalogues. These catalogues identify princely states and other native administrations (508 in number) that issued their own stamps and/or coins. The eighth source and sole occupant of Worksheet 3 is the Memoranda on the Indian States 1935, considered by many to be one of the most important contemporary references. Published by the British Indian government, it lists princely states and other native administrations that were under the jurisdiction of British agencies and other political units. The Memoranda lists a total of 638 native entities.

Worksheet 1, labeled the Master Worksheet, is simply the consolidated list of names from the other worksheets, noting which worksheets each name came from. As more worksheets are added to the Index, they will be consolidated into the Master Worksheet—your tool for cross-referencing and analyzing the "big picture". By indicating the source(s) of each listing in the Master Worksheet, we've established an "audit trail", such that we can track down and correct any errors that are discovered. The Master Worksheet currently holds 875 names of states and other native administrations.

The final element of the Index is our Short List, displayed below. The Short List currently contains the names of states that are found in both Worksheets 2 and 3. Stated in a more meaningful way, these are the states that were recognized by the British Indian government in 1935 and issued their own stamps and/or money. They are 270 in number. Most researchers would agreee that these should all be considered states—they established materials in their name for the purpose of distinguishing their administration from others, and they attained British recognition as noteworthy native entities. Thus, the Short List is our first attempt at identifying the true Indian princely states.

The number of true princely states is greater than 270 (our Short List) and less than 875 (our Master Worksheet). As more worksheets are added, we'll establish a richer set of "criteria" and approach a more valid list of true states. We welcome all correspondance from Indian States enthusiasts who can help us with this project. If you can provide anything of value (identifying errors, proposing additional source materials, etc), please email our Editor.

One final note: each component of the IPS Index is available in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet format. To download the Excel versions, simply click the "Excel Version" link above each list. The Excel versions look much nicer when printed and allow the individual researcher to sort and filter according to her own criteria. If you do not have access to Excel and would like to have this data in a particular format, we can probably provide it for you. Simply send us a request, indicating the format you need.

The Short List | Excel Version


Ajaigarh-JambughodaJamkhandi-NarsingarhNarsinghpur-Zainabad
AjaigarhJamkhandiNarsinghpur (Narsingpur)
AkalkotJammu & KashmirNaswadi
Ali Rajpur (Alirajpur)Janjira (Janjira Island)Nawanagar
AlipuraJaoraNayagarh
AlwarJasdanNilgiri
AmbJashpurOrchha
Ambaliara (Ambliara)JasoPahra (Chaube)
AthgarhJathPal Lahara
AthmalikJawharPalanpur
AundhJetpurPaldeo (Nayagaon)
Bagasra (Majmu)JhabuaPalitana
BaghalJhalawarPanna
BaghatJhinjhuvada (Jhinjhuwada)Partabgarh
BahawalpurJindPataudi
BajanaJobatPatdi
BalasinorJodhpur (Marwar)Pathari
BalsanJubbalPatiala
BamraJunagadhPatna
Banganapalle (Banganapally)KadanaPhaltan
Banka PahariKagal SeniorPiploda
BansdaKalahandi (Karond)Poonch
BanswaraKalatPorbandar
BaoniKalsiaPudukkottai
BarambaKankerPunadra
Baraundha (Pathar Kachhar)KapurthalaRadhanpur
BariaKarauliRaigarh
BarodaKathiawar (Kathiawara)Rairakhol
BarwaniKatosanRajgarh
BastarKawardhaRajkot
BaudhKeonjharRajpipla
BavdaKeonthalRamdurg
BenaresKhadalRampur
BeriKhairagarhRanpur
Bhadarva (Bhadarwa)KhairpurRatlam
BhajjiKhandparaRewa
BharatpurKhaniadhanaRupal
BhavnagarKharsawanSachin
BhopalKhilchipurSailana
BhorKhirasraSakti
BihatKishangarhSamthar
BijawarKolhapurSandur
BikanerKoreaSangli
Bilaspur (Kahlur)KotahSangri
BonaiKotda-PithaSanjeli
BundiKotda-SanganiSant
CambayKothiSarangarh
ChambaKumharsainSardargarh
Chang Bhakar (Changbhakar)KuniharSarila
CharkhariKurundwad JuniorSathamba
Chhatarpur (Chhattarpur)Kurundwad SeniorSatlasna
Chhota UdepurKurwaiSavanur
ChhuikhadanKushalgarhSayla
ChudaKutharSeraikela
CochinLakhtarShahpura
Cooch BeharLas BelaShanor
CutchLathiSikkim
DantaLimbdiSirmur (Sirmoor, Nahan)
DarkotiLoharuSirohi
DasadaLugasiSitamau
DaspallaLunawada (Lunavada)Sohawal
DatiaMahlogSonepur
Dewas Junior MaiharSudasana (Sudasna)
Dewas SeniorMakraiSuket
DhamiMaler KotlaSurgana
DharMaliaSurguja
DharampurMalpurTalcher
DhenkanalManavadarTehri-Garhwal (Tihri Garhwal)
DholpurMandiThana Devli
Dhrangadhra (Dhrangadra)MandwaTigiria
DhrolMangalTonk
DhurwaiManipurTori-Fatehpur
DujanaMansaTravancore
DungarpurMathwarTripura
FaridkotMayurbhanjUdaipur
Gad-BoriadMenganiUmeta
Gadhka (Gadkha)Mewar(Udaipur)Umri
GangpurMiraj JuniorVadia (Wadia)
GauriharMiraj SeniorVala
GhodasarMohanpurValasna
GondalMorviVanod
GwaliorMudholVarsoda
HindolMuhammadgarhVasavad
HyderabadMuliVijayanagar
IchalkaranjiMysoreVirpur
IdarNabhaVishalgad (Vishalgarh)
IndoreNagod (Unchehra)Vithalgadh
JafrabadNaigawan RebaiWadhwan (Vadwan)
JaipurNalagarh (Hindur)Wadi
JaisalmerNandgaonWankaner
Jambughoda (Jambu-Ghoda)NarsingarhZainabad
 Introduction & Short List | Master Worksheet | Worksheet 2 | Worksheet 3
Home > Current Issue (Fall 2001) > IPS Index, First Edition
Questions? All Contents © 2000-2001, Vahana Project and individual authors. All Rights Reserved.
powered by funny photos