Home > Catalogue of Rajasthan Fiscal Overprints

 Introduction | The Overprint Types
Overprints on States, A to J | Overprints on States, K to T
The Imperial and Republican Issues | Overprints on Imperial and Republican Issues




Ashokan Capital
The Imperial and Republican Issues

The arrangement and dating of the Imperial and Republican fiscal adhesives follows that in Barefoot, British Commonwealth Revenues, 6th edition (2000); I have provided each issue with a code for ease of reference in the listings. As there is no published listing of the designs of stamped papers of the King George VI and post-Independence periods, on which Rajasthan overprints have been or are likely to be found, I have compiled here a preliminary catalogue of those known to me, based on material in the collections of Forrest Shoemaker and myself and from information supplied by Martin Blatt. Further details would be welcome.

The Ashokan Capital

The Indian national emblem, which appears on the Republican adhesives and stamped papers, was adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950. It represents the Lion capital of Sarnath erected by Ashoka, the great Mauryan king, and is generally referred to as the Ashokan capital. Three lions are visible, each facing outwards; the fourth lion is hidden from view. Below them is a wheel symbolizing the dharma chakra (eternal wheel of law), with a bull on the right and a horse on the left. In later issues the size of the capital is reduced and the Hindi inscription "Satyameva jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) is placed beneath it. This emblem is also used as the official seal of the Central and State Governments of the Indian union.

Imperial (George VI) and Republican Adhesives

Imperial (George VI) and Republican Stamped Papers
 
Imperial (George VI) and Republican Adhesives
 

CC1 (click to enlarge)


CC2 (click to enlarge)


CC3 (click to enlarge)


CC4b (click to enlarge)


CC5 (click to enlarge)

Court Copying Fee Adhesives
CC1 (c.1940) As CF1 but overprinted "FOR COPIES ONLY"; wmk stars.
CC2 (c.1948) As CF2 but overprinted "FOR COPYING FEES ONLY"; wmk stars.
CC3 (c.1957) As CF3 but overprinted "FOR COPYING FEES ONLY".
    a. wmk stars.
    b. wmk Ashokan capitals.
CC4 (c.1964) As CF4 but overprinted "FOR COPIES ONLY"; wmk stars.
    a. surcharged with English figures
    b. surcharged with Hindi figures.
CC5 (1967) As CF5 but overprinted "FOR COPYING FEES ONLY"; wmk Ashokan capitals.

CF1 (click to enlarge)


CF2 (click to enlarge)


CF3 (click to enlarge)


CF4a (click to enlarge)


CF5 (click to enlarge)

Court Fee Adhesives
CF1 (1937) Portrait of King George VI; "India" below portrait; wmk stars.
CF2 Ashokan capital at right; "India" above capital; value in annas or rupees, in figures at lower left.
    a (1948). wmk stars.
    b (c.1953). wmk Ashokan capitals.
CF3 Ashokan capital at right; "India" above capital; value in figures below capital.
    a (1957). value in naye paise; wmk stars.
    b (1958). value in naye paise or rupees; wmk Ashokan capitals.
CF4 (c.1964) Provisional issue for Rajasthan; as CF1 but surcharged in paise.
    a. surcharged with English figures
    b. surcharged with Hindi figures.
CF5 (1967) Ashokan capital at top centre and reduced in size; "Bharat" [in Hindi] at left and "India" at right of capital, value in paise or rupees, in figures in upper corners; wmk Ashokan capitals.

KT1 (click to enlarge)


KT2 (click to enlarge)


KT3 (click to enlarge)


KT4 (click to enlarge)

Key Type Fiscal Adhesives
Many of the fiscal adhesives of Imperial and post-Independence India were issued as standardized key types which were overprinted in a second colour for their particular use. I have seen Notarial and Special Adhesive key types attached to Republican Stamped Papers overprinted for use in Rajasthan, but the adhesives themselves are not always overprinted. Barefoot reports Rajasthan overprints from the 1964 series of Insurance and Share Transfer stamps and from the 1964 and 1975 series of Special Adhesive stamps, but with no details of the overprints involved. The dates of issue of the key types differs slightly according to the particular use; those given here are for the Special Adhesive stamps.
KT1 (1937) Portrait of King George VI; "INDIA" at top; higher values in larger format; wmk stars.
KT2A (1948) Ashokan capital; "INDIA" at top; value in annas or rupees; wmk stars.
KT2B (1957) As KT2A but value in naye paise; wmk stars.
KT2C (1958) As KT2A but value in naye paise or rupees; wmk Ashokan capitals.
KT3 (1964) Ashokan capital; value in paise or rupees, in figures in upper corners; paise values in narrower format; "Bharat" [in Hindi] at top; wmk Ashokan capitals.
KT4 (c.1975) Similar to KT3 but redrawn with Hindi inscription "Satyameva jayate" below smaller Ashokan capital; wmk Ashokan capitals.

RV1


RV2A


RV3


RV4A


RV4B


RV5Ah (click to enlarge)


RV5B (click to enlarge)


RV5C


RV6

Revenue Adhesives
RV1 (1934) Value in annas, in figures in top corners, "INDIA" in circle, above central design; wmk stars.
RV2A (1948) Value in annas, value figure below central design, "INDIA" at top; wmk stars.
RV2B (1957) Provisional; value in naye paise surcharged on RV2A.
RV3 (1957) Value in naye paise, value figures at left and right below central design, "INDIA" at top.
    a. wmk stars.
    b. wmk Ashokan capitals.
RV4A (1962) Value in figures only, as "nP" in bottom corners, "INDIA" at top; wmk Ashokan capitals.
RV4B (1964) As RV4A but value indicated as "P" above value figures.
RV5A (1973) "Bharat" [in Hindi] at top, "INDIA" below central design, "P" below value figures; wmk Ashokan capitals.
RV5B (c.1975) As RV5A but taller formats.
RV5C (c.1985) As RV5A and RV5B but value in figures only, without "P".
RV6 (c.1990) Small format; "Bharat" [in Hindi] at top, "INDIA" at bottom; value figures in upper corners.
Imperial (George VI) and Republican Stamped Papers

The papers for copying fees have been seen in only one denomination, 4 annas = 25 (naye) paise after decimalization of the rupee. During the reign of King George VI and also in the post-Independence period the designs and colours of the court fee and revenue papers were related to their face value in five stages: under 1r (blue), 1r and under 10r (brown), 10r and under 100r (green), 100r and under 1000r (red), 1000r and above (purple). These basic colours were printed over a pattern of faint vertical lines (or, for the purple series, the words "GOVERNMENT OF INDIA") in a second colour. The court fee and revenue papers are similar except that, in the former, the inscription "INDIA COURT FEE" appears above or within the design. No court fee paper has been seen with a face value less than 10r. Below the design the papers may be plain or the writing area and most of the back may be printed with an all-over pattern of "GOVERNMENT IMPRESSED STAMP" in the colour of the main design. In the catalogue of design types below, each main design is given a type code and minor variations of design are given a capital letter suffix. Thus SPRV3B indicates the second variety of the third design type; to this a lower case letter may be added to indicate the watermark. The watermarks of the stamped papers are given the same reference letter in all categories.
 


wmk a (click to enlarge)


wmk d (click to enlarge)


wmk e

Watermarks of the Stamped Papers
a Circular GOVERNMENT OF INDIA around crown
b Circular GOVERNMENT OF INDIA around flower with star and garter
c Circular GOVERNMENT OF INDIA around dharma chakra
d Circular GOVT. OF INDIA / BHARAT SARKAR [in Hindi] around dharma chakra
e Repeating Urdu numeral 5 over "5". Size 6 × 16 mm; repeats at 77 mm intervals vertically and 126 mm intervals horizontally, so there are one or two vertical rows on each sheet.
f Repeating pattern of stars alternating with the letters "I", "S", "P" aligned vertically
g Circular GOVT. OF INDIA / BHARAT SARKAR [in Hindi] around Ashokan capital
h Repeating pattern of tête-beche (foot to foot) Ashokan capitals with Hindi inscription "Satyameva jayate" below, alternating with similar pairs rotated through 90°; near each corner of the intervening square space is an empty rectangle 31 × 10 mm; in some papers the whole watermark is rotated through 90°, so the rectangles may appear vertical or horizontal
i As h, but with "— 8 —" inside the rectangular frames
j As h, but with "XOX" inside the rectangular frames
k Regular spaced star in a boxed design [1.5 cm sq] interspersed with "GRI"

SPCC1 (click to enlarge)


SPCC2 (click to enlarge)


SPCC3 (click to enlarge)


SPCC4 (click to enlarge)

Court Copying Fee Stamped Papers
I have not yet seen Rajasthan overprints on Imperial Copying Fee Stamped Papers, but I list here the two types on which they may prove to occur. Further information would be welcome.
SPCC1 4a brown/grey-green, design 194 × 68 mm; portrait of King George VI within central value lozenge; value in Hindi below design in stamp colour; four date boxes below Hindi value; boxed inscription "FOR COPIES ONLY" above design; wmk a.
Note: I have only seen this design printed for use in the United Provinces but it presumably also occurs for general use within India.
SPCC2 4a blue/green or brown/green, perforated above value panels, design 198 × 40 mm (when torn off at perforations); portrait of King George VI; value panels in Hindi, Urdu and English; five date boxes below design; wmk a.
Note: This design was overprinted for use in several Princely States, as in the accompanying illustration. It also occurs for general use within India but has not yet been noted as used in Rajasthan.
SPCC3A 4a brown/grey-green, perforated through lions' heads, design 192 × 69 mm (192 × 43 mm when torn off at perforations); Ashokan capital over "Bharat" [in Hindi], English inscriptions "INDIA COPY STAMP" above and value below; value panels in Hindi (left) and English (right) ; five date boxes below design; wmk c.
SPCC3B As SPCC3A but value 25 naye paise; wmk c.
SPCC3C As SPCC3B but perforated above lions' heads, design 192 × 54 mm when torn off at perforations; wmk c.
SPCC3D As SPCC3C but not perforated; wmk d.
SPCC3E [Not yet seen but presumably exists - As SPCC3D but value 25 paise]
SPCC4A Provisional issue for Rajasthan; SPRV6A with original value obliterated with thick black bars, typographed overprints below design: "Rajasthan" [in Hindi] (centre), "Court fee copying folio / twenty-five naye paise" [in Devanagari script, but first line is transliterated from English] (left), "Court Fee Copying Folio / 25 n.P." (right); wmk a.

SPCF1 (click to enlarge)


SPCF2 (click to enlarge)


SPCF3 (click to enlarge)


SPCF4 (click to enlarge)


SPCF5 (click to enlarge)


SPCF6 (click to enlarge)

Court Fee Stamped Papers
SPCF1A Green/pale green, portrait of King George VI, design as for revenue paper SPRV3 but with inscription "INDIA COURT FEE" above design; wmk b.
SPCF1B As SPCF1A but writing portion of front and most of the back microprinted with "GOVERNMENT IMPRESSED STAMP"; wmk e.
SPCF2A Red/pale brown, portrait of King George VI, design as for revenue paper SPRV4 but with inscription "INDIA COURT FEE" above design; wmk b.
SPCF2B As SPCF2A but writing portion of front and most of the back microprinted with "GOVERNMENT IMPRESSED STAMP"; wmk e.
SPCF3A Purple/light brown, portrait of King George VI, underprint "Government of India" in 1mm letters, design 198 × 102 mm; value panels in English, Hindi and Urdu; inscription "INDIA COURT FEE" within design below portrait; wmk b.
Note: I have seen only photocopies and scans of the following Republican Court Fee Stamped Papers, so their watermarks are at present unknown to me. No Rajasthan overprints are known so far.
SPCF4 Green/pale green, Ashokan capital, design as for revenue paper SPRV12 but with inscription "INDIA COURT FEE" above design.
SPCF5 Red, Ashokan capital, design c.200 ´ 104 mm; value panels in Hindi and English; inscription "INDIA COURT FEE" within design at top.
SPCF6 Purple, similar to SPCF5; the issue with "rupiya" [in Hindi] spelled out in the central value panels is believed to be older than that with "Rs."

SPNJ1 (click to enlarge)


SPNJ2 (click to enlarge)

Non Judicial Stamped Papers
Note: I have seen only photocopies and scans of Republican Non Judicial Stamped Papers, values 100r, 200r and 5000r, so their watermarks are at present unknown to me. No Rajasthan overprints are known so far.
SPNJ1 As SPCF5 but inscription is "INDIA NON JUDICIAL" within design at top.
SPNJ2 As SPCF6 but inscription is "INDIA NON JUDICIAL" within design at top.

SPRV1 (click to enlarge)


SPRV2 (click to enlarge)


SPRV3 (click to enlarge)


SPRV6 (click to enlarge)


SPRV9 (click to enlarge)


SPRV13 (click to enlarge)

Revenue Stamped Papers
SPRV1A Blue/pale grey, portrait of King George VI within central value lozenge, design 194 × 68 mm; value in Hindi below design in blue; wmk a.
SPRV1B As SPRV1A but writing portion of front and most of the back microprinted with "GOVERNMENT IMPRESSED STAMP"; not seen, but Martin Blatt reports the 8a and 12a values with wmk k.
SPRV1C As SPRV1A but background to the king's head in the value lozenge is solid colour instead of the normal fine lines; not seen, but Martin Blatt reports the 4a and 8a values with wmk a.
SPRV2A Brown/grey-green, portrait of King George VI within two (left and right) value lozenges, the frames of which vary according to the value, design 197 × 75 mm; a central cross contains the English and Urdu values, Hindi value below design in brown; wmk a.
SPRV2C As SPRV2A but background to the king's head in the value lozenge is solid colour instead of the normal fine lines; not seen, but Martin Blatt reports the 1r and 1r 8a values with wmk a.
SPRV3A Green/pale green, portrait of King George VI, design 200 × 104 mm; "INDIA" above portrait; value panels in Urdu, Hindi and English; wmk b.
SPRV3B As SPRV3A but writing portion of front and most of the back microprinted with "GOVERNMENT IMPRESSED STAMP"; wmk e.
SPRV4A Red/pale brown, portrait of King George VI, design 200 × 104 mm; "INDIA" at foot of design; value panels in Urdu and Hindi; wmk b.
SPRV4B As SPRV4A but writing portion of front and most of the back microprinted with "GOVERNMENT IMPRESSED STAMP"; wmk e.
SPRV6A Blue/pale grey, design 195 × 78 mm; Ashokan column with "INDIA" above and "Bharat" [in Hindi] below; value tablets in Hindi at left and right and in English at foot, value in annas; wmk a or c.
SPRV6B As SPRV6A but values in naye paise; wmk c, d or f.
SPRV6C Provisional issue for Rajasthan; SPRV6A with original value obliterated with thick black bars, typographed overprint in two lines in centre below design "Rajasthan / 25 paise" [in Hindi]; wmk a.
SPRV7A As SPRV6B but values in paise, design size reduced to 183 × 74 mm; wmk f.
SPRV8A As SPRV7A but with inscription "Satyameva jayate" [in Hindi] below smaller Ashokan capital; wmk f seen and probably also occurs with wmk d and i.
SPRV9A Brown/grey-green, values in rupees or rupees and annas, design 197 × 78 mm, similar to SPRV6 but with shorter Hindi value tablets in two or three lines and the English value tablets at bottom left and right; the 1r value is expressed as "1 R."; wmk a or c.
Note: From the design alone it is impossible to distinguish this issue from the following if the watermark is "c" and the face value is in whole rupees, although the shade of brown is usually distinctly lighter in the earlier issue. The rupee was decimalized on 1 April 1957, so any paper bearing a manuscript date previous to that must be the first issue. I have arbitrarily assigned later dated papers with watermark "c" to the second issue.
SPRV9B As SPRV9A but values in rupees or rupees and naye paise; wmk c, d or f.
Note: I have not seen any revenue paper with the value expressed in rupees and paise. With Indian postage stamps the transition from "naye paise" to "paise" was made in 1964, but I have seen "naye paise" revenue papers used as late as 1975. It is possible that with these the change to "paise" coincided with the reduction in size of the design [SPRV7 and SPRV10].
SPRV10 As SPRV9 but design size reduced to 183 × 74 mm; the 1r value is expressed as "1 Re."; wmk f.
SPRV11 As SPRV10 but with inscription "Satyameva jayate" [in Hindi] below smaller Ashokan capital; wmk d, f, h, i or j.
SPRV12 Green/pale green, the pale green underprinting appears as reticulated and wavy patterns in the value tablets, design 197 × 79 mm, similar to SPRV6 but Hindi value tablet at top and English value tablet at bottom, value in figures at bottom left (Hindi) and right (English); wmk ?
Note: I have seen only photocopies of this issue for general use in India, so the watermark is unknown to me. I have seen examples of this design printed for use in Uttar Pradesh with watermark g, used in 1973. Further information would be welcome.
SPRV13 As SPRV12 but with inscription "Satyameva jayate" [in Hindi] below smaller Ashokan capital; wmk h seen (document dated 1987), others may occur.

 

 Introduction | The Overprint Types
Overprints on States, A to J | Overprints on States, K to T
The Imperial and Republican Issues | Overprints on Imperial and Republican Issues

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